(Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing)
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (
particularly for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD often
) is a fairly new, nontraditional type of psychotherapy. It's growing in popularity, occurs after experiences such as physical assault, rape, and military combat.During EMDR therapy sessions, you relive traumatic or triggering experiences in brief doses while the therapist directs your eye movements. This is thought to be effective because recalling distressing events is often less emotionally upsetting when your attention is diverted. This allows you to be exposed to the memories or thoughts without having a strong psychological response. Over time, this technique is believed to lessen the impact that the memories or thoughts have on you.
EMDR believe that EMDR is solely focused on the eye movements. However, Commonly people EMDR actually combines multiple approaches of therapy, including the stimulation of eye movement (Shapiro,1991). The term most often used is
“dual attention stimuli.” What this means is that while the person is focusing on the distressing event (internal stimuli), the client is also stimulated externally through eye movements. Eye movements however are not the only external stimulus that can be used. Tapper that vibrate alternatively in each hand, tactile stimulation, and auditory tones can also be used.
CONSULTATION Dr. Westbarn will first review Daisy’s history, and decide where she in the treatment process. This evaluation phase will include talking about Daisy’s trauma and identifying potential traumatic memories to treat specifically.
PREPARATION Dr. Westbarn will then help Daisy learn and understand several different ways to cope with the emotional or psychological stress you’re experiencing before a formal session. Stress management techniques such as deep breathing and mindfulness may be used.
ASSESMENT During the third phase of EMDR treatment, Dr. Westbarn will identify the specific memories that will be targeted and all the associated components (such as the physical sensations that are stimulated when you concentrate on an event) for each target memory.
THE TREATMENT Dr. Westbarn will then begin using EMDR therapy techniques to treat Daisy’s targeted memories. During these sessions, Daisy will be asked to focus on a negative thought, memory, or image. Dr. Westbarn will then simultaneously have Daisy do specific eye movements. The bilateral stimulation may also include taps or other movements mixed in, depending on her case. After the bilateral stimulation, Dr. Westbarn will ask Daisy to let her mind go blank and notice the thoughts and feelings you’re having spontaneously. After Daisy identifies these thoughts, Dr. Westbarn may have you refocus on that traumatic memory, or move on to another. If Daisy becomes distressed, Dr. Westbarn will help bring Daisy back to the present before moving on to another traumatic memory. Over time, the distress over particular thoughts, images, or memories should start to fade.
THE PROGRESS AFTER 8 SESSIONS At this time Daisy will be asked to evaluate her progress and Dr. Westbarn will also evaluate her progress.
Catherine Daisy Coleman, who now goes by “Daisy”, had a normal life growing up with two loving parents and three brothers in a small town of Missouri. This all drastically changed when in 2007 Daisy’s father Michael Coleman passed away in a tragic car crash. She was in the truck when this happened and being only 9 years old this was where her PTSD began. A few years later in 2011 she was persuaded by her oldest brother Charlie Coleman’s then best friend Matt Barnett to come over and drink while Charlie was not there. The night resulted in her being pressured to drink to the point of unconsciousness where she was then raped. The boys left Daisy to die in below freezing weather in her front yard unconscious. The town shortly after began to blame Daisy for what happened and took Matt Barnett’s side regardless of the rape kit evidence.
Daisy was then the subject of an award winning Netflix documentary called Audrie and Daisy. This is where Daisy and Ella Fairon became close and started their sisterly relationship. At the same time the film was released Daisy co founded a non-profit organization called SafeBAE to further her survivor advocacy work. Daisy received so much attention after the release of the film from survivors all over the world. They reach out to Daisy for her advice, help and support. What her followers don’t know is that she has been in abusive relationships ever since she was raped resulting in more assault and more traumas. She has also never received any sort of treatment for the trauma she has endured and used the unhealthiest of coping mechanisms. Survivors will reach out to Daisy on a daily basis, Daisy has expressed that she can’t respond to all of them because she is easily triggered. Daisy also knows that she has never been given the opportunity to heal properly with proper treatment. When survivors reach out to Daisy for advice on how to heal, she has no concrete advice because she has not yet healed.
“ Daisy is not the type to ask for help, I don’t think she believes she deserves help or to heal.” – Ella Fairon (fellow survivor and best friend to Daisy)
Daisy thought that moving from Missouri to Colorado would start a new chapter of her life, a healthy one. But now almost a decade since her assault she is still struggling more than ever. This past June 2018 her youngest brother Tristan Coleman passed away on the car ride home from moving Daisy to Colorado. After the funeral Daisy called Ella Fairon and was silent for two minutes before saying “ I think I need help, I need treatment. “ Since Daisy has never previously asked for help in receiving treatment Ella knew that this was a pivotal moment in Daisy’s life that needs to be taken action on immediately.